9 breathtaking giant plans, which could be fulfilled by 2020
9 breathtaking giant plans, which could be fulfilled by 2020
The new wonders of the world

Here are the world's tallest, longest, deepest imagined skyscrapers, bridges and tunnels.

1. Hamburg Philharmonic Orchestra

The new 2150-seat Hamburg Philharmonic can be one of the world's top 10 concert buildings made for 500 million euros (133 billion HUF). The Swiss star architect firm Herzog & de Meuron imagined a 73-meter-high glass palace over the 37-meter-high, brick masonry former factory.  According to the plans the concert hall on the bank of the Elbe  will be managed by the former director of the Vienna Concert Hall, Christoph Liebig-Seutter. The 110-meter-highbuilding, also enlarged with a five-star luxury hotel will be opened in the spring of 2012.

2. European Central Bank in Frankfurt

After several modifications, it seems that the European Central Bank currently located in the Eurotower in Frankfurt got the permission to build the new 180-meter-high twin tower building. The 185 thousand -square meter- and 64 floor- building was designed by Vienna Coop Himmelb(l)au. The desired building built for 850 million euros will include the 11 thousand square meter- Big Markethall built according to the plans of Martin Elsässer in 1928,  which the architects will connect with terraced gardens with the now semi-finalized glass towers.

3. Fehmarnbelt Bridge

By 2018 a new bridge between Denmark and Germany can be built over the Baltic Sea Fehmarnbelte strait This will be a 20-kilometer-long bridge connecting the German Fehmarn and the Danish island of Lolland. The construction of the 18-km wide bridge across the Strait started in 2008. The two-lane road bridge will also have two rail tracks. The bridge built with a  budget of € 4.8 billion, provides terrestrial communication between Denmark and the Scandinavian peninsula, as the bridge between Copenhagen and the island of Lolland has already been built and in 2000 the Oresund, 7 845-meter-long combined two-lane road-rail bridge between the Danish capital and Malmo in Sweden has been handed over.

4. 1 World Trade Center

The 1 World Trade Center and according to earlier plans the Freedom Tower, would be the central and largest building the New World Trade Center complex. The tower will lie in the northwest corner of the 65 000 square meter area. The future 541-meter-high New York tower, is raised on the basis of David Childs and Daniel Libeskind's plans. The building will be achieved of a  € 2.2 billion budget. The  foundation stone was laid on  19th  December 2006.
In addition, there are three more buildings planned for the Greenwich Street side, and another house, which will surround the WTC Memorial. There will be a museum, hosting the past and the future World Trade Centers. According to the current plans the buildings will be given over in 2013.

5. The Burj Dubai tower

In Tower in Dubai with its 818 meter and 162 floors, has been the world's tallest building  since 2009 January 17th  when the antenna mast was set up on its top. The building will be given over in December. During the construction a number of other records have been set up, eg. special liquid cement was pumped here to the highest, 601 meters altitude - the previous record was of 439 meters  while building Taipei 101 in Taiwan's capital. The Burj Dubai is based in the heart of Downtown district. Here you can find hotels, offices, luxury apartments and a variety of entertainment and recreation facilities, including, a cigar club, a library and at the height of 442 meters a lookout tower. On a clear day you can see from the top of the gigantic building 95 kilometers away from Dubai to Al Ain city.

6. Nakheel Tower

The Nakheel Tower is being built only 12 kilometers away from the Burj Dubai. The works were suspended because of the crisis. The 38.12 billion dollars budgeted skyscraper will be given over – according to the current plan in 2020.

7. Ponte Stretto di Messina

The bridge under construction between Calabria and Sicily is the stake of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. The 6 billion euros suspension bridge is already spoken of in Italy as the world's eighth wonder. The construction of the world's longest, 3.6 miles span bridge of can start in two-three years, and no later than 2016 it has to be opened to transport between the Italian mainland and the island of Sicily. The foundation stone was laid in 2004. According to the plans the bridge would be crossed by 4500 vehicles and 200 trains daily. The future pride of Italy would endure 200-kilometer per hour hurricanes and a 7.1-magnitude earthquake on the Richter scale, which is a fundamental requirement. The 5000-meter suspension bridge itself would pass 64 feet above sea level, the two supporting pillars would rise to 370 meters high, the 55 m deep foundation shall be placed in the seabed. The bridge will have a three lane highway and rail tracks built in both directions and, the speed limit will be 130kmh for trains, and  90 kmh for cars.

8. The Trans-Atlantic tunnel

Jules Verne’s dream of 1888, about a trans-Atlantic tunnel between London and New York is still a matter of dream. If the technical development allows the construction could begin in 2020. The construction of the more than 5 600-kilometer-long tunnel will require a huge engineering feat, since not one hundred percent of the geological phenomena are known that would test the road and rail channel every day. But it is certain, that the plans cannot be materialized under the budget of  1 billion  euro.

8. The Transatlantic channel

9. Bering strait bridge

In 2007, The Russian government decided to build the "Kamchatka channel”. for 45 billion euros with companies close to the Kremlin, This would include 3 bridges crossing over the Bering Straits and a tunnel under the Pacific Ocean,. According to the latest plans, the 85-kilometer-long bridge and the channel built in a depth of 35-58 meters below the sea will be  built from the Russian Dezsnyev gulf across Diomede Islands to the  Prince of Wales hill in Alaska. In the multifunctional channel there will be two-lane high-speed trains, highways, oil pipelines and  high voltage and optical cables will be laid. According to the plans two years ago, the time to implement the complex will be within 10-15 years. If it is carried out, 50 percent of the costs will be paid by the United States and Russia, for the rest other countries and investors are invited. This autumn, a Japanese company showed interest in the project, offering to drill the tunnel for $ 60 million per kilometer (11 billion).