Debrecen

Debrecen, the country's second largest and most populous city lies in the east of the country located 30 km from the Romanian border, 230 km from Budapest. Its area is 461.65
km2 . Its population is of 215 thousand people, but about 300 thousand people permanently reside in town, as there is only a small proportion of local university students (the country's largest and oldest one, continuously operating since 1538), and neither is a part of students from about thirty high schools, or about 20 - 30 thousand tourists who stay in the city for shorter periods. Debrecen is accessible from the M3 and the M35 motorways. Main road 4 also connects it with the capital city.
Trains  arrive from several directions. In addition, here is one of Hungary's international airports, which has offered passenger and freight traffic since the early 1900s

Debrecen often got into trouble because of the geographical location and also because they did not have a castle or walls, and only the diplomatic talent of the town councillors could save it. The town could subsist by supporting when the expansionist Turks, when the Austrians, when Rákóczi. Perhaps this also contributed to the public open mind, which paved the way for the Reformation. Among the citizens of the rich merchant town the Calvinist doctrines of the Reformation soon found an echo, and taking advantage of the opportunities they built an almost uniquely developed school system. At that time the Civis mentality was developed, in which the moral values of the reformed religion combined with the pragmatically puritan slant of life of the people living here. In the middle of the 16th century the entire population of the city is protestant. Thus, the city has won the name of "Calvinist Rome". Acknowledging the city’s economic and cultural importance as well, Leopold I donated Debrecen free royal town status in 1693. In 1715 the Catholic Church returned to the city, and on the site got from the city the Piarist monks built the present cathedral of St. Anne. At that time the city was an important cultural, commercial and agricultural center. Future scientists and poets studied at the Reformed College (the predecessor of today's university)


The city developed rapidly, but conservatism has always been maintained. Historically, it played a determining role in Hungary's history in the last two centuries. First, in January 1849, it became the capital of Hungary. In April 1849, Kossuth said the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty and the independence of Hungary in the Oratory of the Debrecen Reformed College


Domestic and foreign people often have raised the question of how it was possible to form an important settlement already in the early Middle Ages in the natural environment where  Debrecen is located. Of course, the city's formation and development in the past had its resources and geographical basis. The region border, where Debrecen is located, has played an important role in development of settlements as well. The settlements located on region borders generally had a faster rate of development, than those which were located on a landscape. The good quality groundwater was close to the surface, and the forests surrounding the city could provide the necessary wood. The agriculture and livestock was provided an excellent opportunity by both the loess and the Hortobágy Hajdúság saline, where the citizens of the city grazed their animals. In addition, Debrecen lied on an important trade route connecting the Upper Hungary to Transylvania, which the benefit of the city took advantage of. Today, Debrecen is the largest city of Eastern Hungary, in addition, one of the country's most important cultural, commercial, rail and architectural centers. Now Debrecen has become one of the fastest developing cities in Hungary.


Attractions
 

  • Reformed Great Church of Debrecen
  • Reformed College of Debrecen
  • Reformed Church
  • County Hall Debrecen
  • University of Debrecen
  • Debrecen Town Hall
  • Kölcsey Reformed Teacher's College
  • Saint Anne Catholic Cathedral
  • Hotel Divinus - 5 star hotels, spa services
  • Restaurant Régiposta
  • Great Forest (spa, small lake, zoo, the Funny Park, the university's main building)
  • Aquaticum Health and Bathing
  • Deri Museum (rich collection, including Munkácsy paintings, ancient Egyptian collection)
  • Flower Carnival on 20 August each year
  • The Museum of the Reformed College of Debrecen (library, Gallery, the schools)
  • Delizsánsz exhibition center
  • Hollo Laszlo Memorial Exhibition
  • Medgyessy Ferenc Memorial Museun
  • Zsuzsi Forest Railway
  • Zoo
  • Kölcsey Center - East Hungary's largest and most modern congress center. Here you will   find among other things, the 4-star hotel Lycium and the MODEM
  • And many spas, hiking possibilities, and a golf course in the neighbourhood of Debrecen

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Csokonai Theatre Reformed Church University of Debrecen
 
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Flower Carnival Reformed College Aquaticum Health and Bathing